Chicago, IL

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Population

2.71M

0.386% decline

Poverty Rate

20.6%


Median Age

34.9


Median Household Income

$57,238

3.51% growth

Number of Employees

1.37M

1.27% growth

Median Property Value

$271,600

6.14% growth

About

In 2018, Chicago, IL had a population of 2.71M people with a median age of 34.9 and a median household income of $57,238. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Chicago, IL declined from 2.72M to 2.71M, a -0.386% decrease and its median household income grew from $55,295 to $57,238, a 3.51% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Chicago, IL are White (Non-Hispanic) (33.3%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (29%), White (Hispanic) (18.1%), Some Other Race (Hispanic) (8.88%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (6.65%). 35.8% of the people in Chicago, IL speak a non-English language, and 89.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Chicago, IL are University of Illinois at Chicago (7,605 degrees awarded in 2017), DePaul University (6,411 degrees), and DeVry University-Illinois (6,349 degrees).

The median property value in Chicago, IL is $271,600, and the homeownership rate is 45.7%. Most people in Chicago, IL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 33.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Chicago, IL is 1 car per household.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Illinois. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Illinois, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Illinois (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Illinois. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Illinois across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Chicago, IL employs 1.37M people. The largest industries in Chicago, IL are Health Care & Social Assistance (183,553 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (158,206 people), and Educational Services (135,976 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($100,794), Finance & Insurance ($78,177), and Public Administration ($75,300).

Median household income in Chicago, IL is $57,238. Males in Chicago, IL have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,889. The income inequality in Chicago, IL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.48, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$57,238

2018 value

± $1,144

3.51%

1 Year Growth

± 2.83%

Households in Chicago, IL have a median annual income of $57,238, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $55,295 in 2017, which represents a 3.51% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Chicago, IL compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

$74,413

Average Male Salary

± $1,190

$55,889

Average Female Salary

± $913

In 2018, full-time male employees in Illinois made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $70,233 ± $3,218

  2. White

    $60,032 ± $826

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $53,351 ± $34,221

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Illinois workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Chicago, IL is from Illinois.

0.48

2018 Wage GINI

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.48 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.354% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 3204

  2. Census Tract 8310

  3. Census Tract 2405

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Chicago, IL was Census Tract 3204 with a value of $160,833, followed by Census Tract 8310 and Census Tract 2405, with respective values of $152,794 and $151,369.

The following map shows all of the places in Chicago, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

20.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Chicago, IL (550k out of 2.67M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    259,625 ± 3,496

  2. White

    177,208 ± 3,288

  3. Hispanic

    168,182 ± 3,000

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Chicago, IL is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.37M

2018 Value

± 19,992

1.27%

1 Year growth

± 2.02%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Chicago, IL grew at a rate of 1.27%, from 1.35M employees to 1.37M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Chicago, IL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (150,849 people), Management Occupations (136,610 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (134,878 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Chicago, IL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Chicago, IL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (150,849 people), Management Occupations (136,610 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (134,878 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Chicago, IL has an unusually high number of residents working as Legal Occupations (1.75 times higher than expected), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.6 times), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.46 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Chicago, IL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($110,066), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($85,547), and Management Occupations ($80,073).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.37M

2018 Value

± 19,992

1.27%

1 Year growth

± 2.02%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Chicago, IL grew at a rate of 1.27%, from 1.35M employees to 1.37M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Chicago, IL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (183,553 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (158,206 people), and Educational Services (135,976 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Chicago, IL, though some of these residents may live in Chicago, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Chicago, IL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (183,553 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (158,206 people), and Educational Services (135,976 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Chicago, IL has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.66 times higher than expected), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.53 times), and Transportation & Warehousing (1.48 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Chicago, IL, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($100,794), Finance & Insurance ($78,177), and Public Administration ($75,300).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $82.9B

  2. $78.3B

  3. $75B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $82.9B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($78.3B) and Gasoline ($75B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois state.

$952B

2020 Value

$1.31T

Projected 2045 Value

37.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound Illinois trade was $952B. This is expected to increase 37.7% to $1.31T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $69.2B

  2. $54.7B

  3. $36.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $69.2B, followed by Wisconsin with $54.7B and Michigan and $36.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.2% of the population of Chicago, IL has health coverage, with 46.1% on employee plans, 25.6% on Medicaid, 9.11% on Medicare, 8.81% on non-group plans, and 0.647% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Chicago, IL was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Chicago, IL see 1062 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (1062 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1134 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 444 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.7%). Additionally, Stephenson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Cook County, IL.

1,062 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Cook County, IL see an average of 1,062 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (1,062 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Cook County, IL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

$8,262

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,875

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$4,959

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,116

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.79%

Uninsured

46.1%

Employer Coverage

25.6%

Medicaid

9.11%

Medicare

8.81%

Non-Group

0.647%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Chicago, IL grew by 2.35% from 9.57% to 9.79%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Chicago, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.7% prevalence

  2. 12.7% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 12.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Chicago, IL is home to a population of 2.71M people, from which 89.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 20.8% of Chicago, IL residents were born outside of the country (564k people).

In 2018, there were 1.15 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (900k people) in Chicago, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 784k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 490k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Chicago, IL are Spanish (605,963 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (48,331 speakers), and Polish (45,211 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

32

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

47

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.8

In 2018, the median age of all people in Chicago, IL was 34.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 32, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 47. But people in Chicago, IL are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Chicago, IL residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

20.8%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

564k people

20.9%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

566k people

As of 2017, 20.8% of Chicago, IL residents (564k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Chicago, IL was 20.9%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Chicago, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    642,065 ± 19,171 people

  2. India

    174,548 ± 10,187 people

  3. Poland

    126,880 ± 8,702 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Illinois was Mexico, the natal country of 642,065 Illinois residents, followed by India with 174,548 and Poland with 126,880.

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Citizenship

89.7%

2018 Citizenship

88.5%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 89.7% of Chicago, IL residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Chicago, IL was 88.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Chicago, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Chicago, IL

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    900k ± 15.2k

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    784k ± 11.7k

  3. White (Hispanic)

    490k ± 16.8k

In 2018, there were 1.15 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (900k people) in Chicago, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 784k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 490k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Chicago, IL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    605,963 speakers (23.9%)

  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    48,331 speakers (1.9%)

  3. Polish

    45,211 speakers (1.78%)

35.8% of Chicago, IL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Chicago, IL was Spanish. 23.9% of the overall population of Chicago, IL are native Spanish speakers. 1.9% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 1.78% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    21,183 ± 2,573

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    11,946 ± 2,064

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    6,640 ± 1,407

Chicago, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.77 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Chicago, IL awarded 61,544 degrees. The student population of Chicago, IL is skewed towards women, with 92,862 male students and 127,063 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Chicago, IL are White (25,708 and 46.7%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (10,587 and 19.2%), Black or African American (9,030 and 16.4%), and Asian (5,226 and 9.49%).

The largest universities in Chicago, IL by number of degrees awarded are University of Illinois at Chicago (7,605 and 12.4%), DePaul University (6,411 and 10.4%), and DeVry University-Illinois (6,349 and 10.3%).

The most popular majors in Chicago, IL are General Business Administration & Management (4,754 and 7.72%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (2,457 and 3.99%), and Accounting (1,587 and 2.58%).

The median tuition costs in Chicago, IL are $27,345 for private four year colleges, and $7,957 and $15,915 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 1,244 degrees awarded

  2. 1,232 degrees awarded

  3. 1,411 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Chicago, IL was General Biological Sciences with 1,244 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Chicago, IL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 7,605 degrees awarded

  2. 6,411 degrees awarded

  3. 6,349 degrees awarded

$7,957

Median In-State Public

$27,345

Median Private

In 2017, the Chicago, IL institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Illinois at Chicago with 7,605 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

26,119

Degrees Awarded to Men

35,425

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 26,119 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Chicago, IL, which is 0.737 times less than the 35,425 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Chicago, IL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    25,708 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    10,587 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    9,030 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Chicago, IL were to White students. These 25,708 degrees mean that there were 2.43 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 10,587 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Chicago, IL was $271,600 in 2018, which is 1.18 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $255,900 to $271,600, a 6.14% increase. The homeownership rate in Chicago, IL is 45.7%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Chicago, IL have an average commute time of 33.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Chicago, IL is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Housing

Property Value

$271,600

2018 Median

± $3,838

$255,900

2017 Median

± $4,394

In 2018, the median property value in Chicago, IL grew to to $271,600 from the previous year's value of $255,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Chicago, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Chicago, IL the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$57,238

Median Household Income

± $1,144

1.08M

Number of Households

± 16,723

In 2018, the median household income of the 1.08M households in Chicago, IL grew to $57,238 from the previous year's value of $55,295.

The following chart displays the households in Chicago, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Chicago, IL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Chicago, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

45.7%

2018 Homeownership

44.9%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 45.7% of the housing units in Chicago, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 44.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Chicago, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

33.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Chicago, IL have a longer commute time (33.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 3.46% of the workforce in Chicago, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Chicago, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    48.9%

  2. Public Transit

    28.3%

  3. Carpooled

    8.33%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Chicago, IL was Drove Alone (48.9%), followed by those who Public Transit (28.3%) and those who Carpooled (8.33%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Chicago, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Chicago, IL have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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