San Diego, CA

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Population

1.43M

0.459% growth

Poverty Rate

14.5%


Median Age

35.4


Median Household Income

$79,646

3.89% growth

Number of Employees

715,998

0.985% decline

Median Property Value

$654,700

9.06% growth

About

In 2018, San Diego, CA had a population of 1.43M people with a median age of 35.4 and a median household income of $79,646. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of San Diego, CA grew from 1.42M to 1.43M, a 0.459% increase and its median household income grew from $76,662 to $79,646, a 3.89% increase.

The population of San Diego, CA is 42.3% White Alone, 30.1% Hispanic or Latino, and 16.6% Asian Alone. 41.4% of the people in San Diego, CA speak a non-English language, and 87.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in San Diego, CA are Ashford University (11,493 degrees awarded in 2017), University of California-San Diego (9,868 degrees), and San Diego State University (9,319 degrees).

The median property value in San Diego, CA is $654,700, and the homeownership rate is 46.8%. Most people in San Diego, CA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.5 minutes. The average car ownership in San Diego, CA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Top view of the Torrey Pines Beach

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for California. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 confirmed cases by date in California compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in California (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Economy

The economy of San Diego, CA employs 716k people. The largest industries in San Diego, CA are Health Care & Social Assistance (93,547 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (92,497 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (67,632 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($100,905), Utilities ($78,567), and Finance & Insurance ($77,186).

Median household income in San Diego, CA is $79,646. Males in San Diego, CA have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $62,298. The income inequality in San Diego, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.499, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$79,646

2018 value

± $2,067

3.89%

1 Year Growth

± 3.32%

Households in San Diego, CA have a median annual income of $79,646, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $76,662 in 2017, which represents a 3.89% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in San Diego, CA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

$78,575

Average Male Salary

± $755

$62,298

Average Female Salary

± $633

In 2018, full-time male employees in California made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in California by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $73,860 ± $1,174

  2. White

    $65,115 ± $611

  3. Two or More Races

    $54,912 ± $1,843

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of California workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in California by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for San Diego, CA is from California.

0.499

2018 Wage GINI

0.497

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in California was 0.499 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.324% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for California was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in California in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in California across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 215

  2. Census Tract 83.13

  3. Census Tract 83.10

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in San Diego, CA was Census Tract 215 with a value of $191,642, followed by Census Tract 83.13 and Census Tract 83.10, with respective values of $183,929 and $173,549.

The following map shows all of the places in San Diego, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in San Diego, CA (197k out of 1.36M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    116,770 ± 2,763

  2. Hispanic

    88,860 ± 2,339

  3. Asian

    26,303 ± 1,279

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in San Diego, CA is White, followed by Hispanic and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

716k

2018 Value

± 15,387

-0.985%

1 Year decline

± 3.08%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in San Diego, CA declined at a rate of -0.985%, from 723k employees to 716k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in San Diego, CA, are Management Occupations (77,117 people), Sales & Related Occupations (70,067 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (66,228 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of San Diego, CA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of San Diego, CA, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (77,117 people), Sales & Related Occupations (70,067 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (66,228 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, San Diego, CA has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (2.82 times higher than expected), Architecture & Engineering Occupations (1.87 times), and Legal Occupations (1.49 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of San Diego, CA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($116,527), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($92,037), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($83,752).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

716k

2018 Value

± 15,387

-0.985%

1 Year decline

± 3.08%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in San Diego, CA declined at a rate of -0.985%, from 723k employees to 716k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in San Diego, CA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (93,547 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (92,497 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (67,632 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of San Diego, CA, though some of these residents may live in San Diego, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in San Diego, CA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (93,547 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (92,497 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (67,632 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, San Diego, CA has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (2.02 times higher than expected), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.72 times), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.4 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in San Diego, CA, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($100,905), Utilities ($78,567), and Finance & Insurance ($77,186).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $232B

  2. $172B

  3. $136B

In 2015, the top outbound California product (by dollars) was Electronics with $232B, followed by Mixed freight ($172B) and Gasoline ($136B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound California products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for California state.

$1.7T

2020 Value

$2.48T

Projected 2045 Value

46.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound California trade was $1.7T. This is expected to increase 46.3% to $2.48T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound California trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $71.8B

  2. $46.9B

  3. $34B

In 2015, the top outbound California domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $71.8B, followed by Arizona with $46.9B and Washington and $34B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that California shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.3% of the population of San Diego, CA has health coverage, with 47.7% on employee plans, 17.7% on Medicaid, 8.29% on Medicare, 14.6% on non-group plans, and 3.95% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of San Diego, CA was $7,549 in 2014. This is a 4.04% increase from the previous year ($7,256).

Primary care physicians in San Diego, CA see 1274 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.235% decrease from the previous year (1277 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1174 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 317 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.6%). Additionally, Tulare County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for San Diego County, CA.

1,274 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in San Diego County, CA see an average of 1,274 patients per year. This represents a 0.235% decrease from the previous year (1,277 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in San Diego County, CA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

$7,549

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,735

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,368

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,833

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in California (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.04%, from $7,256 to $7,549.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.73%

Uninsured

47.7%

Employer Coverage

17.7%

Medicaid

8.29%

Medicare

14.6%

Non-Group

3.95%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in San Diego, CA declined by 0.132% from 7.74% to 7.73%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in San Diego, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 10.6% prevalence

  2. 10.5% prevalence

  3. 10.3% prevalence

Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in California, at 10.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in California by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

San Diego, CA is home to a population of 1.43M people, from which 87.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 25.8% of San Diego, CA residents were born outside of the country (367k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of San Diego, CA is composed of 603k White Alone residents (42.3%), 430k Hispanic or Latino residents (30.1%), 237k Asian Alone residents (16.6%), 91.3k Black or African American Alone residents (6.4%), 53.4k Two or More Races residents (3.75%), 5.24k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.367%), 3.42k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.24%), and 2.37k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.166%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in San Diego, CA are Spanish (308,066 speakers), Tagalog (Incl. Filipino) (49,095 speakers), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (37,341 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

47

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.9

In 2018, the median age of all people in San Diego, CA was 35.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 47. But people in San Diego, CA are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all San Diego, CA residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

25.8%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

367k people

25.9%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

364k people

As of 2017, 25.8% of San Diego, CA residents (367k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in San Diego, CA was 25.9%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in San Diego, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    4,032,642 ± 46,722 people

  2. Philippines

    840,765 ± 22,271 people

  3. China

    696,409 ± 20,307 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of California was Mexico, the natal country of 4,032,642 California residents, followed by Philippines with 840,765 and China with 696,409.

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Citizenship

87.8%

2018 Citizenship

88.4%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 87.8% of San Diego, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in San Diego, CA was 88.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in San Diego, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    603k ± 11.8k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    430k ± 17.1k

  3. Asian Alone

    237k ± 9.62k

In 2018, there were 1.4 times more White Alone residents (603k people) in San Diego, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 430k Hispanic or Latino and 237k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in San Diego, CA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    308,066 speakers (23%)

  2. Tagalog (Incl. Filipino)

    49,095 speakers (3.67%)

  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    37,341 speakers (2.79%)

41.4% of San Diego, CA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in San Diego, CA was Spanish. 23% of the overall population of San Diego, CA are native Spanish speakers. 3.67% speak Tagalog (Incl. Filipino) and 2.79% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    27,336 ± 3,106

  2. Vietnam

    22,398 ± 2,164

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    13,874 ± 2,156

San Diego, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.22 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in San Diego, CA awarded 51,571 degrees. The student population of San Diego, CA is skewed towards women, with 92,928 male students and 123,682 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in San Diego, CA are White (19,493 and 40.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (10,632 and 22.2%), Asian (6,626 and 13.8%), and Black or African American (6,027 and 12.6%).

The largest universities in San Diego, CA by number of degrees awarded are Ashford University (11,493 and 22.3%), University of California-San Diego (9,868 and 19.1%), and San Diego State University (9,319 and 18.1%).

The most popular majors in San Diego, CA are General Business Administration & Management (5,565 and 10.8%), General Education (3,109 and 6.03%), and General Psychology (2,519 and 4.88%).

The median tuition costs in San Diego, CA are $19,361 for private four year colleges, and $5,742 and $17,622 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 1,735 degrees awarded

  2. 1,125 degrees awarded

  3. 2,476 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in San Diego, CA was General Psychology with 1,735 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in San Diego, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 11,493 degrees awarded

  2. 9,868 degrees awarded

  3. 9,319 degrees awarded

$5,742

Median In-State Public

$19,361

Median Private

In 2017, the San Diego, CA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Ashford University with 11,493 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

21,138

Degrees Awarded to Men

30,433

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 21,138 men were awarded degrees from institutions in San Diego, CA, which is 0.695 times less than the 30,433 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in San Diego, CA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    19,493 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    10,632 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    6,626 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in San Diego, CA were to White students. These 19,493 degrees mean that there were 1.83 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 10,632 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in San Diego, CA was $654,700 in 2018, which is 2.85 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $600,300 to $654,700, a 9.06% increase. The homeownership rate in San Diego, CA is 46.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in San Diego, CA have an average commute time of 22.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in San Diego, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$654,700

2018 Median

± $8,387

$600,300

2017 Median

± $9,093

In 2018, the median property value in San Diego, CA grew to to $654,700 from the previous year's value of $600,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in San Diego, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In San Diego, CA the largest share of households have a property value in the $500k - $750k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$79,646

Median Household Income

± $2,067

514k

Number of Households

± 11,991

In 2018, the median household income of the 514k households in San Diego, CA grew to $79,646 from the previous year's value of $76,662.

The following chart displays the households in San Diego, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in San Diego, CA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In San Diego, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

46.8%

2018 Homeownership

47.1%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 46.8% of the housing units in San Diego, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 47.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in San Diego, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in San Diego, CA have a shorter commute time (22.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.44% of the workforce in San Diego, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in San Diego, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    73.9%

  2. Carpooled

    9.28%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.84%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in San Diego, CA was Drove Alone (73.9%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.28%) and those who Worked At Home (6.84%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in San Diego, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in San Diego, CA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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