Brown County, TX

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Population

37,787

0.39% decline

Poverty Rate

16.4%


Median Age

41


Median Household Income

$43,062

0.4% decline

Number of Employees

15,238

1.71% growth

Median Property Value

$95,100

4.51% growth

About

In 2017, Brown County, TX had a population of 37.8k people with a median age of 41 and a median household income of $43,062. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Brown County, TX declined from 37,935 to 37,787, a -0.39% decrease and its median household income declined from $43,235 to $43,062, a -0.4% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Brown County, TX are White (Non-Hispanic) (72.7%), White (Hispanic) (19.1%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (3.62%), Some Other Race (Hispanic) (1.61%), and Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (1.33%). N/A% of the people in Brown County, TX speak a non-English language, and 96.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Brown County, TX are Howard Payne University (244 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Brown County, TX is $95,100, and the homeownership rate is 72.6%. Most people in Brown County, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 16.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Brown County, TX is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Austin at Sunset

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Texas. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Texas, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Texas. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Texas across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Brown County, TX employs 15.2k people. The largest industries in Brown County, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,639 people), Manufacturing (2,339 people), and Retail Trade (1,649 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($56,000), Wholesale Trade ($43,646), and Manufacturing ($41,593).

Median household income in Brown County, TX is $43,062. Males in Brown County, TX have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,959. The income inequality in Brown County, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,062

2017 value

± $1,925

-0.4%

1 Year Growth

± 6.84%

Households in Brown County, TX have a median annual income of $43,062, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $43,235 in 2016, which represents a -0.4% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Brown County, TX compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$64,953

Average Male Salary

± $716

$45,959

Average Female Salary

± $514

In 2017, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,947 ± $2,196

  2. White

    $52,072 ± $505

  3. American Indian

    $45,538 ± $7,571

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Brown County, TX is from Texas.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.139% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9513

  2. Census Tract 9512

  3. Census Tract 9502

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Brown County, TX was Census Tract 9513 with a value of $60,066, followed by Census Tract 9512 and Census Tract 9502, with respective values of $51,512 and $50,293.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Brown County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Brown County, TX (5.91k out of 36k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    5,292 ± 444

  2. Hispanic

    1,844 ± 289

  3. Black

    364 ± 140

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Brown County, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

15.2k

2017 Value

± 763

1.71%

1 Year growth

± 7.1%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Brown County, TX grew at a rate of 1.71%, from 15k employees to 15.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Brown County, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,931 people), Management Occupations (1,908 people), and Production Occupations (1,441 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Brown County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Brown County, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,931 people), Management Occupations (1,908 people), and Production Occupations (1,441 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Brown County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.11 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.14 times), and Production Occupations (1.63 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Brown County, TX, by median earnings, are Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($82,639), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($62,941), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($62,794).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

15.2k

2017 Value

± 763

1.71%

1 Year growth

± 7.1%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Brown County, TX grew at a rate of 1.71%, from 15k employees to 15.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Brown County, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,639 people), Manufacturing (2,339 people), and Retail Trade (1,649 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Brown County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Brown County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Brown County, TX, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,639 people), Manufacturing (2,339 people), and Retail Trade (1,649 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Brown County, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (3.74 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.68 times), and Manufacturing (1.52 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Brown County, TX, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($56,000), Wholesale Trade ($43,646), and Manufacturing ($41,593).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $290B

  2. $217B

  3. $175B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $290B, followed by Gasoline ($217B) and Mixed freight ($175B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$2.15T

2020 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

30.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Texas trade was $2.15T. This is expected to increase 30.2% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $97.1B

  2. $59.6B

  3. $38.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $97.1B, followed by Oklahoma with $59.6B and California and $38.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

85.2% of the population of Brown County, TX has health coverage, with 42% on employee plans, 15.7% on Medicaid, 14% on Medicare, 10.8% on non-group plans, and 2.61% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Brown County, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Brown County, TX see 1895 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.637% increase from the previous year (1883 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2734 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 638 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,895 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Brown County, TX see an average of 1,895 patients per year. This represents a 0.637% increase from the previous year (1,883 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Brown County, TX in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

14.8%

Uninsured

42%

Employer Coverage

15.7%

Medicaid

14%

Medicare

10.8%

Non-Group

2.61%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Brown County, TX grew by 0.627% from 14.7% to 14.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Brown County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Brown County, TX is home to a population of 37.8k people, from which 96.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.96% of Brown County, TX residents were born outside of the country (1.87k people).

In 2017, there were 3.82 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (27.5k people) in Brown County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 7.2k White (Hispanic) and 1.37k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Brown County, TX was 41. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Brown County, TX are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Brown County, TX residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.96%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.87k people

5.34%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

2.02k people

As of 2017, 4.96% of Brown County, TX residents (1.87k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Brown County, TX was 5.34%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Brown County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,547,886 ± 37,324 people

  2. India

    231,271 ± 11,757 people

  3. El Salvador

    200,904 ± 10,964 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,547,886 Texas residents, followed by India with 231,271 and El Salvador with 200,904.

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Citizenship

96.5%

2017 Citizenship

96%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.5% of Brown County, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Brown County, TX was 96%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Brown County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Brown County, TX

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    27.5k ± 5

  2. White (Hispanic)

    7.2k ± 252

  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    1.37k ± 76

In 2017, there were 3.82 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (27.5k people) in Brown County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 7.2k White (Hispanic) and 1.37k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Brown County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    993 ± 168

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    394 ± 118

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    342 ± 124

Brown County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.52 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Brown County, TX awarded 244 degrees. The student population of Brown County, TX is skewed towards men, with 571 male students and 501 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Brown County, TX are White (167 and 68.4%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (54 and 22.1%), Black or African American (9 and 3.69%), and Unknown (9 and 3.69%).

The largest universities in Brown County, TX by number of degrees awarded are Howard Payne University (244 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Brown County, TX are General Business Administration & Management (33 and 13.5%), General Health & Physical Education (25 and 10.2%), and Elementary Education & Teaching (20 and 8.2%).

The median tuition costs in Brown County, TX are $25,290 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Brown County, TX was General Health & Physical Education with 25 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Brown County, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

244 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$25,290

Median Private

In 2017, the Brown County, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Howard Payne University with 244 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

114

Degrees Awarded to Men

130

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 114 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Brown County, TX, which is 0.877 times less than the 130 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Brown County, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    167 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    54 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    9 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Brown County, TX were to White students. These 167 degrees mean that there were 3.09 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 54 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Brown County, TX was $95,100 in 2017, which is 0.414 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $91,000 to $95,100, a 4.51% increase. The homeownership rate in Brown County, TX is 72.6%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Brown County, TX have an average commute time of 16.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Brown County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$95,100

2017 Median

± $4,442

$91,000

2016 Median

± $4,774

In 2017, the median property value in Brown County, TX grew to to $95,100 from the previous year's value of $91,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Brown County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Brown County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$43,062

Median Household Income

± $1,925

13.8k

Number of Households

± 655

In 2017, the median household income of the 13.8k households in Brown County, TX declined from $43,062 from the previous year's value of $43,235.

The following chart displays the households in Brown County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Brown County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Brown County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

72.6%

2017 Homeownership

71.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 72.6% of the housing units in Brown County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 71.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Brown County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

16.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Brown County, TX have a shorter commute time (16.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.62% of the workforce in Brown County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Brown County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    86.3%

  2. Carpooled

    8.89%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.31%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Brown County, TX was Drove Alone (86.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.89%) and those who Worked At Home (2.31%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Brown County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Brown County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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